3 Ways COVID-19 is Changing NET Treatment in the U.S.

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The coronavirus pandemic is straining health care systems around the United States (U.S.), with vast differences from community to community.

As the number of cases expands, health care access is changing for many NET patients. This article overviews some of the most common changes. Given that every individual’s situation is different, it is important to talk to you your health care team about how the coronavirus outbreak may affect your care.

1. U.S. hospitals asked to focus on urgent and emergency cases

WHAT TO EXPECT

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) advised health care providers to prioritize urgent and emergency visits and procedures to direct more resources toward COVID-19 preparedness. As a result, hospitals, clinics, and doctors may:

  • Delay all elective outpatient care visits
  • Reschedule elective and non-urgent admissions
  • Delay inpatient and outpatient elective surgical and procedural cases
  • Postpone routine dental and eye care visits

WHAT TO DO

If you haven’t been contacted by your health care provider yet, call their office to check the status of your upcoming appointments. Many medical societies and associations have issued guidelines to help physicians and patients decide which services should be canceled or delayed.

Below you’ll find specific recommendations from leading medical societies. Keep in mind; these guidelines are subject to change. Also, not every association had issued recommendations by the time this article was published. Therefore, some medical subspecialties may not be represented in the following list.

NET-specific Therapy

The North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (NANETS) held a panel discussion on April 2, 2020, in which members discussed the factors clinicians can consider in risk/benefit calculations for NET treatments including surgery, chemotherapy, somatostatin analogs, and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in individual patient situations.   

Surgeries

The American College of Surgeons (ACS) agrees with the CDC and issued guidance for evaluating the urgency of “elective” surgeries on a case-by-case basis. The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recommends patients and physicians work together to make individual determinations based on the potential harms of delaying needed cancer-related surgery.

Chemotherapy

ASCO is not recommending widespread changes in chemotherapy (or immunotherapy) schedules for cancer patients (as of March 13, 2020) because of COVID-19, but offered guidelines for physicians to use on a case-by-case basis.  ASCO suggested individualizing decision-making based on potential harms and benefits of therapy. 

Imaging 

American College of Radiology (ACR) supports CDC’s guidance on rescheduling non-urgent outpatient visits for CT, ultrasound, MRI, etc.  ACR’s recommendations (as of March 20, 2020) do not specifically address imaging related to cancer care.

Radiation Oncology 

American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) issued general clinical guidelines for COVID-19, which recognized the need to accomplish radiotherapy with the shortest courses of external beam radiation while following evidence-based guidelines.   

 Interventional Radiology 

The Society for Interventional Radiology (SIR) recommends all procedures that are not urgent or emergent be canceled to maximize resources for the sickest patients as part of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Cancer Treatment

American College of Physicians (ACP) published an opinion piece with guidance on decisions about immediate cancer treatment during COVID-19 crisis. 

Complying with your injection schedule  

Many NET patients receive regular injections at their doctors’ offices. Talk to your health care team if you’re concerned about keeping your injection appointments to practice social distancing. Don’t stop or change your treatment schedule without first consulting with your health care provider. Together, you can discuss the impact of missed or delayed injections. You may also want to ask your care team about home injections.  

These programs allow treatment to be administered in the home by a trained nurse. To participate, your physician needs to refer you to a home injection program. Medicare, Medicaid, Kaiser, and other insurance plans may not cover home injection programs. As a first step, contact your health insurance provider to learn about coverage. 

Since every patient’s situation is different, decisions about treatment during COVID-19 should be individualized. Talk to your health care provider about your symptoms, treatment history, and co-occurring chronic conditions to see what makes the most sense for you right now. See if there are alternative therapies to consider. Explore the pros and cons of all your options. Then, think about what is most important to you. Through open dialogue with your care team, you can come to a decision that best suits your needs and concerns.

2. U.S. hospitals taking precautionary measures

WHAT TO EXPECT

Due to CDC guidance, your treatment facility may have made changes due to COVID-19, including:  

  • Some entrances may be closed. Open doors may be covered or tented to accommodate screening. Staff may ask about your health, symptoms, or check your body temperature before allowing you access to the building. 
  • Individuals with cough or cold symptoms may be directed to use different entrances or waiting rooms. Those with active respiratory symptoms may be asked to wear a mask.
  • Signs and staff will ask you to practice good hand hygiene and cough etiquette. 
  • There may be restrictions on where caregivers or visitors can go. Only patients may be allowed to enter patient care areas. 

WHAT TO DO

If your appointment will take place as scheduled, check your health care provider’s website before leaving so you can learn about any changes in entrances, parking, or visitation policies. In addition, plan to arrive much earlier than usual. Protect yourself during your visit to a health care facility. Use any available hand sanitizers, masks, or handwashing areas.

Avoid touching surfaces like doorknobs, elevator buttons, faucet handles, or handrails. Wear gloves if you can. Or use a sleeve, paper towel, or paper napkin to open doors or flush toilets. In waiting room areas, avoid touching chair backs, tabletops, or reading material.  If possible, disinfect the surfaces close to you with wipes, clean your hands regularly, and avoid touching your face. Bring your own pen/pencil, paper, and snacks from home if possible.    

3. Technology playing a more significant role in communicating with health care providers

WHAT TO EXPECT

To contain the spread of COVID-19, health care providers are replacing in-person visits with technology. You may need to:

  • Use advice telephone lines, patient portals, online self-assessment tools.
  • Call ahead to be screened over the phone by office/clinic staff about your symptoms before seeing your health care provider.
  • Have telephonic or telehealth interactions with your health care provider. Telehealth uses his videoconferencing, internet streaming, and mobile apps to help patients and their health care providers communicate. Many states in the U.S. are adopting regulations to expand the use of telehealth because of COVID-19.

WHAT TO DO

If you haven’t yet registered to use your health care provider’s patient portal, check their website for information. Some patient portals allow you to message your health care provider and request appointment changes or prescription refills.   Download any needed telehealth apps on your phone or tablet. Get familiar with these digital tools so you can use them to maintain communication with your care team.

A March 17, 2020 article by AARP.org explained how and why telehealth is critical during the COVID-19 outbreak. Reach out to your health insurance provider to find out your coverage for telehealth. Medicare and other plans cover certain services, but the specifics vary by state and insurance plan.

Being your own advocate

With the health care system under such tremendous pressure, you may find you need to be more active and proactive in your care. We’ve assembled a few tools to help you to be more empowered in advocating for your needs with care providers and insurance providers.

Maintaining communication with your care team may take increased persistence and patience in the coming weeks. Being prepared with information and questions in advance may help you to make the most of the time you do get with your care team. Learn more about talking to your doctor.

Staying up-to-date on COVID-19

The COVID-19 outbreak is rapidly changing. Aspects of the content may have changed since it was published. To stay abreast of the situation, follow these trusted resources for the latest information:

Netrf.org terms and conditions: This information is not intended as and shall not be relied upon as medical advice. The Neuroendocrine Tumor Research Foundation encourages all users to discuss any information found here with their oncologist, physician, and/or appropriate qualified health professional.

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